Thursday, May 21, 2020
Did you ever think you knew something about a person only to find that you could not be more wrong? Making unverified assumptions like this is part of human nature for everyone. Because of this, some people do not want to reveal their true selves to others and prefer to remain unknown. Often, some people will hide out in their house and not show themselves to the world because of how others would react. Other people do not want to learn the truth and prefer to believe what they think is right evidence not with what is actually real. The people of Maycomb County are no different than people in the larger world. The characters in To Kill A Mockingbird work hard to maintain appearances that differ from reality. Several characters in the movie work hard to display an appearance that differs from their internal self because they usually feel alienated from the others. These characters also often feel uncomfortable about revealing their true selves to people, to the community, A character named Dolphous Raymond appears to be a drinker but all he really has in his sack is Coca-Cola. He likes to give people a reason as to why he lives with the black people although it s not very common. Instead of looking down on Raymond, the town surprisingly feels sorry for him because they base their feelings on his supposed alcohol addiction; they don t know the real story about Raymond. He is essentially the town s drunk and supposedly looked bad upon because he married a black woman.Show MoreRelatedKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1049 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird: How a Story could be based on True Events in Everyday LifeDaisy GaskinsCoastal Pines Technical CollegeÃ¢â¬Æ'Harper Lee was born in Monroeville, Alabama. Her father was a former newspaper editor and proprietor, who had served as a state senator and practiced as a lawyer in Monroeville. Also Finch was known as the maiden name of LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s mother. With that being said Harper Lee became a writer like her father, but she became a American writer, famous for her race relations novel Ã¢â¬Å"ToRead MoreTo Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesworld-wide recognition to the many faces of prejudice is an accomplishment of its own. Author Harper Lee has had the honor to accomplish just that through her novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, a moving and inspirational story about a young girl learning the difference between the good and the bad of the world. In the small town of Monroeville, Alabama, Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926. Growing up, Harper Lee had three siblings: two sisters and an older brother. She and her siblings grew up modestlyRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1290 Wor ds Ã |Ã 6 PagesHarper Lee published To Kill a Mockingbird during a rough period in American history, also known as the Civil Rights Movement. This plot dives into the social issues faced by African-Americans in the south, like Tom Robinson. Lee felt that the unfair treatment towards blacks were persistent, not coming to an end any time in the foreseeable future. This dark movement drove her to publish this novel hopeful that it would encourage the society to realize that the harsh racism must stop. Lee effectivelyRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee873 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee illustrates that Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s a sin to kill a mockingbirdÃ¢â¬ throughout the novel by writing innocent characters that have been harmed by evil. Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s persecution is a symbol for the death of a mockingbird. The hunters shooting the bird would in this case be the Maycomb County folk. Lee sets the time in the story in the early 1950s, when the Great Depression was going on and there was poverty everywhere. The mindset of people back then was that blackRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee963 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgrowing up, when older characters give advice to children or siblings.Growing up is used frequently in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Harper Lee uses the theme growing up in To Kill a Mockingbird to change characters opinion, develop characters through their world, and utilizes prejudice to reveal growing up. One major cause growing up is used in To Kill a Mockingbird is to represent a change of opinion. One part growing up was shown in is through the trial in part two of the novelRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1052 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee takes place in Maycomb County, Alabama in the late 30s early 40s , after the great depression when poverty and unemployment were widespread throughout the United States. Why is the preconception of racism, discrimination, and antagonism so highly related to some of the characters in this book? People often have a preconceived idea or are biased about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to live, dress, or talk. Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee examines the preconceptionRead MoreHarper Lee and to Kill a Mockingbird931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHarper Lee and her Works Harper Lee knew first hand about the life in the south in the 1930s. She was born in Monroeville, Alabama in 1926 (Castleman 2). Harper Lee was described by one of her friends as Queen of the Tomboys (Castleman 3). Scout Finch, the main character of Lees Novel, To Kill a Mockinbird, was also a tomboy. Many aspects of To Kill a Mockingbird are autobiographical (Castleman 3). Harper Lees parents were Amasa Coleman Lee and Frances Finch Lee. She was the youngestRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee presents as a Ã¢â¬Ëtired old townÃ¢â¬â¢ where the inhabitants have Ã¢â¬Ënowhere to goÃ¢â¬â¢ it is set in the 1930s when prejudices and racism were at a peak. Lee uses Maycomb town to highlight prejudices, racism, poverty and social inequality. In chapter 2 Lee presents the town of Maycomb to be poverty stricken, emphasised through the characterisation of Walter Cunningham. When it is discovered he has no lunch on the first day of school, Scout tries to explain the situation to MissRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1876 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThough Harper Lee only published two novels, her accomplishments are abundant. Throughout her career Lee claimed: the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Goodreads Choice Awards Best Fiction, and Quill Award for Audio Book. Lee was also inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. This honor society is a huge accomplishment and is considered the highest recognition for artistic talent and accomplishment in the United States. Along with these accomplishments, herRead MoreKill A Mockingbird, By Harper Lee1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessuch as crops, houses, and land, and money was awfully limited. These conflicts construct Harper LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, To Kill a Mocking Bird. In To Kill a Mocking Bird, Lee establishes the concurrence of good and evil, meaning whether people are naturally good or naturally evil. Lee uses symbolism, characterization, and plot to portray the instinctive of good and evil. To Kill a Mocking Bird, a novel by Harper Lee takes place during the 1930s in the Southern United States. The protagonist, Scout Finch,
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
African American Experience African Americans lived differently than white men did during the turn of the century. They faced many problems within the society. Some of the issues they faced were out of their hands. Although things were not the greatest all the time, there were supporters and organizations that they could turn to. Along with these organizations they had leaders that tried to help the race. Many African Americans became successful in the late 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, and still to this day there are many African Americans that are successful. During the time period around the late 1870Ã¢â¬â¢s through the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s many African Americans did not have good jobs. The majority of African Americans lived in the southern states. Many wereÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦White women from the North and some others supported this movement, but it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s that lynching became a federal crime. For a time, Wells published a newspaper, Free Speech. An angry mob of people burned down her office in Memphis, Tennessee and forced her to leave town. In 1891, Wells supported the strike of black cotton pickers. She was dismayed when fifteen of the cotton pickers were lynched. The whites sent a strong message that they were not going to conform to her desires and accept the equality of the African Americans for some time. With the end of the Civil War, the African Americans received freedom from slavery and gains some rights but lost many of those same rights a mere twenty years later . They had sacrificed much and did not give them up easily. Even though they were often defeated in court and often threatened with violence, a visionary group of leaders laid the foundation for the future successes of the civil rights movement. They founded important educational institutions and organizations to fight for civil rights and cultivated both a new generation of leaders and a growing number of writers, artists, and professionals who embodied Du Boiss idea of a talented tenth and who became increasingly active and effective in the 1920s. Almost a century later, African Americans are better accepted in society than ever before. There is less of a double standard and more equality thanks to the brave men and women who came beforeShow MoreRelatedAfrican American Political Experience Of African Americans Essay1827 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesunknowingly. African Americans have influences upon the United States in numerous ways. Socially, politically and emotionally the black experience embodies influence on our lives today. When I reflect on the issues that African Americans faced centuries ago, and the issues that we are facing today it seems to be a reflection. I am a African American woman staring in a cracked mirror watching the issues of the past reflect back in the world I live in today. African American political experience from theRead MoreAfrican Vs. African American Experiences And Relations1862 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAfrican vs. African-American Experiences and Relations in Determining the Binding Factor between th e Two Groups of People Introduction: Marcus Garvey, a Ã¢â¬Ëproponent of Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movementsÃ¢â¬ (), once stated that Ã¢â¬Å"a people without knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.Ã¢â¬ (Good Reads Quotes) He was in fact very much so right. Most people in this world care about where they come from, who they descended from and where the backbone ofRead MoreThe Experience Of Infertility Among African American, Heterosexual, Couples931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe purpose of this research project was to study the experience of infertility among African American, heterosexual, couples. There is a lot of exterior research from a sociological point of view that speaks to African Americans being reluctant to seek infertility treatments due to religious beliefs, lack of awareness about infertility, shame, fear, lack of support, distrust of the medical community, economic barriers, lack of access to health care, and a preference for informal or formal adop tionRead MoreImportance of African American Literature Addressing the Black Experience3064 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesThe role of African American literature in recent years has been to illuminate for the modern world the sophistication and beauty inherent in their culture as well as the constant struggle they experience in the oppressive American system. When writers such as Langston Hughes, W.E.B. DuBois and Alice Walker present their material, they manage to convey to a future world the great depth of feeling and meaning their particular culture retained as compared with the culture of their white counterpartsRead MoreAfrican Americans: The Cultural Norms vs. The Group Counseling Experience2407 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAfrican Americans in general avoid counseling of any form and group counseling is no exception to the rule. There are several cultural factors that play a part in framing this rule for African Americans, but the major issues are religion and spirituality, dealing with f amily and personal business according to what the culture deems acceptable and prejudices both held by African Americans and their concern over the prejudices of others toward them. Unfortunately as a result of the close-minded natureRead MorePersonal Experience with The African American Civil Rights Era1546 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfree as it is. Nearly a century after the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans in the south were still faced with innumerable injustices, including disenfranchisement, segregation, and violence. Jim Crow laws infringed on African AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ fundamental rights to a basic education, to suffrage, to serve on a jury, to enter certain shops, and even to use a public restroom. Throughout this time period, activists, African American and white alike, rallied for change using all methods possible: nonviolentRead MoreEffects Of Current And Historic Social Constructs On The Educational Experience Of African American Males1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe purpose of this research is to identify the effects of current and historic social constructs on the educational experience of African American males in the United States. Upon identifying these mechanisms of social control the conclusion is ominous. The system of institutionalized racism undermines the access and ability of African American mal es to obtain higher education. It fosters a mindset that eliminates them prior to participation. Equitable access to resources is not a realizationRead MoreExpression of the African American Experience Through Poetry During the Harlem Renaissance870 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescertain type of poetry is so connected to them. In the Harlem Renaissance era there were a lot of poets who brought African American voices into the mainstream of American society. This is the type of poetry that really touched people and pushed them to read more poetry like it. Langston Hughes, Lucille Clifton and Colleen McElroy were all poets that wrote about what being an African American in the United States was like and what they had to deal with throughout their lives. None of these were happyRead MoreThe Experience Of African Americans And Native Americans With School1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Experience of African-Americans and Native Americans With School Within the history of America, weÃ¢â¬â¢ve had discrimination and different approaches to how we interact with the other ethnic group, and how these ethic group were educated within our country. This country that is America sometimes gave these ethnic groups an education to the bare minimum, so that the Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ citizens. Or the white citizens who were privileged enough to be born with white skin could succeed within their society, andRead MoreWhat Are The Experiences Of African-American Male StudentsAcademic Success?1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshas glanced into the lives and experiences of fourteen African-American undergraduate male students to seek answers to the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African-American male studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ in CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s public high schools? (2) Are California public high schools and school-based professionals adequately preparing African-American male studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ for post-secondary education options? (3) Wh at kind of barriers, if any, has impacted African-American male studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic success
Melinda Alexander Abstract Expressionism In this essay, I will demonstrate a comparison of control and chaos in the painting methods between Jackson Pollock and Helen Fraternally. I consider both artists to operate at a type of controlled chaos. However, I find that Fraternally used more control in her painting method where she carefully applied colors to certain spaces. We will write a custom essay sample on Abstract Expressionism or any similar topic only for you Order Now PollockÃ¢â¬â¢s painting is more a result of his actions than a specific thought as where to apply a certain color in an empty space. Jackson PollockÃ¢â¬â¢s drip-method is creative and original. No one before him had used this method of pouring and splattering paint. Artists normally brushed or pushed the color. His process was completely unique. He did not use an easel. The canvas was laid on the ground. Industrial paint, raw canvas, sticks, and other tools instead of brushes were all materials that make his art pieces so unique. Lavender Mist exhibits an energy that almost gives life to the painting. The colors contrast in a way that are bold but not overwhelming. The dark hue mixes with the light so that it is neither heavy nor airy. At 87 X 118 inches the scale is huge. Amongst the chaos there is an even distribution of pattern and colors throughout the pacing. This gives it unity, symmetry and balance. I think that is why I call it controlled chaos. He reminds me of sort of a maestro conducting an orchestra. Using his tools, paints and body the way a maestro would conduct a symphony. He is moving everywhere flinging paint around not knowing really what it will look like. The spontaneity and originality of his work is interesting and cool. Helen FreakishnessÃ¢â¬â¢s work with water color is also original. I think her action is more controlled than Pollock as she moves the color to fill certain spaces on the paper and she sketches some with charcoal. Chaos is demonstrated as well with her painting freely from nature or her memory of it. Like Pollock, she painted on the floor and at a large scale. Mountains and Sea gives a calm and soothing feel generally. The lines are implied with the shapes being organic and soft made from where the paint seeped into the weave. There is unity with some of the sketched lines suggesting a scene. Yet the shapes remain undefined. There is also unity and balance with the color hue of pale greens and blue giving a cool effect. The use of pale orange accent as a contrast warms up the picture Just enough to make it light and airy. This painting is nice. I found PollockÃ¢â¬â¢s methods and pieces more interesting. Overall, Jackson Pollock and Helen Fraternally used techniques including both chaos and control while creating their art pieces. Both artists worked freely being surprised with the end result not really knowing what they were creating while working. Both artists used techniques and tools that were original producing effects new to the art world during that time. Fraternally used more control or thought in that she moved color into certain spaces. I think she was also more controlled in that she painted from memory ND sketched some. How to cite Abstract Expressionism, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Function of Deceit Paper The Function of Deceit Deceit functions in many ways throughout the play Much Ado About Nothing characters use deceit to conceal, to assist and to trick. Benedict, Beatrice, Clay audio, Hero and Don John are all affected by the functions of deceit throughout the play, the h roes use it to bring people together and the villain uses it to rip relationships apart. One of deceits functions is to conceal. Deceit conceals Benefices and Beatrice ex.s love for each other. Throughout the play both Benedict and Beatrice exchange plan yup banter. For example in Act 1, Scene 1, one of Beatrice?s first lines is a witty assault at Been dicks expense. It is so indeed. He is no less than a stuffed man. But for the stuffing well, we are all mortal, (l. i. 3). Elongates character even explains their banter as a merry war, as to say that Benedict and Beatrice dont necessarily mean what they say. The audience e is therefore able to watch in amusement as Benedict and Beatrice participate in merry WA Shakespeare plays with the idea of Benedict and Beatrice almost hating each other until deceit is once again used, but this time to assist in the love of two witty upon ants. We will write a custom essay sample on The Function of Deceit specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Function of Deceit specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Function of Deceit specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Another function of deceit in Much Ado About Nothing, is its function of assistance. Deceit assists in the love that blossoms between Benedict and Beatrice. Near the middle of the play, Act 2 Scene 3, deceit is used by a cadre of cupids, Leona, Don Peed o and Claudio, to deceive Benedict into thinking Beatrice loves him. Hero and Ursula also do n their cupids arrows and deceive Beatrice into thinking Benedict loves her. These separate scenarios create much humor, as it shows that both Benedict and Beatrice are not as s mart as they seem. Claudio doing his part tricking Benedict, Come hither, Leona. What was it you told me of today, that your niece Beatrice was in love with Signor Benedict? (al. Iii. 5). Here Ursula is playing up how Benedict is the most fair man in Italy, l pray you, be not an gray with me, madam. Speaking my fancy. Signor Benedict, for shape, for bearing, argument t and valor, goes foremost in report through Italy. (Ill . i. 4). Luckily the deceitful love that bal simooms between Benedict and Beatrice serves only as a way to reveal the true love the eye have had for each other all along and they get happily married at the end of the play. The final function of deceit is its ability to trick. Deceit is used many times thro shout the play, to conceal and to assist, but deceits most prominent role is to trick. Deceits function of trickery is used by the plays villain, Don John, to trick Claudio into thinking Hero has cheated on him. Throughout the played are treated to hints that Don John is the villain of the play, at one point Don John even says, l am a plain dealing villain, (l. Iii. 25). Be cause of this line, skillfully spoken by master actor Keenan Reeves, we know that the character re Don John ill be messing a lot of stuff up later on in the play. And Don John does mess up stuff, in Act 3 Scene 2, Don John speaks with Claudio, saying, l came hither to tell you; and, circumstances shortened, for she has been too long talking of, the lady is disloyal. (al. Ii. 5). D on John then shows both Claudio and Don Pedro that Hero is being unfaithful with Bronchi o, when in fact Broacher is only wooing Margaret, one of Heros maids. This act of trickery me sees up everything, Claudio and Don Pedro confront Hero at the wedding in front oft he entire congregation. After the wedding Don John flees Messing and everyone finds o UT that Hero was falsely accused, thanks to Dogberry, who captured Broacher and his part near in crime Conrad. The function of deceit is a quintessential part of Much Ado About Nothing . Deceit is used to conceal, to assist and to trick many of the main characters throughout t the entirety of the play. The epitome of deceit in William Shakespearean capering comedy, air manically, is the moment when Benedict and Beatrice deceptive protests against their love f or each other are foiled by their own hands.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
5 Fluctuating Forms of Gender-Specific Language 5 Fluctuating Forms of Gender-Specific Language 5 Fluctuating Forms of Gender-Specific Language By Mark Nichol The English language is riddled with suffixes that specify gender, and efforts to mirror the slow-but-sure improvement in gender equality are reflected in shifting usage in this area. Such progress, however, is inconsistent. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s where we stand with various treatments: 1. -ess Words altered to include an -ess ending to specify reference to a woman are generally going by the wayside: Often, a female movie, television, or theater performer is identified as an actor (though performing-arts awards retain best-actress categories), whereas terms for female members of royalty such as princess and duchess, in keeping with the anachronistic survival of the concept, persist. Likewise, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no reason to genderize host or waiter, or author or poet, but we hold on to enchantress, goddess, and mistress. (And, if we have any sense, we hold on to enchantresses, goddesses, and mistresses.) In addition, as you know, stewards and stewardesses were transformed into flight attendants long ago. (The U.S. Navy, by the way, no longer uses steward as an official term for an officersÃ¢â¬â¢ attendant.) 2. -e English preserves a few terms derived from French in which an e is appended to the end of the masculine form of some words to refer to a woman, including fiancee and confidante. Conversely and obscurely a man who divorces his wife is a divorce (like the feminine form, pronounced Ã¢â¬Å"di-vor-sayÃ¢â¬ and, in print, with an acute accent mark over the e). 3. -trix Another French form, -trix, is obsolete when referring to a female aviator, but English preserves the form in dominatrix, even though one rarely refers to a dominator (not in polite company, anyway). 4. -ine and -ina Hero applies to male and female do-gooders alike (and retiring heroine avoids the accidental misspelling as heroin). But what about those heroes of the US government, the drug czars and the energy czars and their ilk? (The word czar is the more modern Russian form the older variant is tsar of Caesar.) No president has appointed a female czar, but if that happened, would we refer to her as a czarina? Not likely, except in jocular usage. 5. -woman and -person The same folks who bristle at being scolded when they refer to humankind as mankind will no doubt fuss about this next point, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t use the suffix -man unless youÃ¢â¬â¢re referring to a man: ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not necessary to employ the cumbersome term chairperson to refer to a female presiding or administrative officer or the position itself, or to distinguish between a chairman and a chairwoman; just say chair. (No, chair is not just the word for a piece of furniture; itÃ¢â¬â¢s the time-honored term, on its own, for an elected or appointed position.) Unfortunately, no such shortcut exists for referring to members of legislative bodies, but congresswoman and assemblywoman are no-brainers. The nonspecific terms congressmember and assemblymember are attested but fairly rare; the open forms (with Congress and Assembly capitalized) are more common. (Ã¢â¬Å"Member of CongressÃ¢â¬ is also frequently employed, but Ã¢â¬Å"member of the AssemblyÃ¢â¬ is not.) But what do you call a woman who likes to fish (other than, um, a great catch?). Fisherwoman may seem awkward, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s just because weÃ¢â¬â¢re not used to it yet. As is the case with chairwoman or congresswoman, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a matter of only one more small syllable inserted in an already lengthy word. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a man who washes clothes for a living, do you want to be referred to as a washerwoman, just because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the dominant usage? By rejecting gender-neutral language, youÃ¢â¬â¢re subjecting half the population to the same indignity. This isnÃ¢â¬â¢t political correctness run rampant; itÃ¢â¬â¢s inevitable and inexorable usage correction, part of the evolution of language (with the obligatory Neanderthal-like branch stubs on the evolutionary tree like waitron and waitperson as gender-neutral forms of waiter). Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:36 Adjectives Describing LightAcronym vs. InitialismTreatment of Words That Include Ã¢â¬Å"SelfÃ¢â¬
Monday, March 2, 2020
Deadweight Tonnage Deadweight tonnage (DWT) refers to the carrying capacity of a vessel. Deadweight tonnage can be figured by taking the weight of a vessel which is not loaded with cargo and subtracting that figure from the weight of the vessel loaded to point where it is immersed to the maximum safe depth. This depth is noted with a marking on the ships hull, the Plimsoll line. The safe depth varies by the time of year and water density and, in the case of DWT, the summer freeboard line is the measurement used. The displacement of water due to the load is measured in metric tons (tonnes or 1,000 kilograms). The deadweight tonnage includes not only cargo, but also the weight of fuel, ballast, passengers and crew, and all of the provisions. It only excludes the weight of the ship itself. Example A vessel that weighs 2000 tons unloaded carries 500 tons crew and supplies. It can take on 500 tons of cargo in port, at which time it floats at the summer line of its Plimsoll line. The deadweight of this vessel would, therefore, be 1000 tons. Deadweight Tonnage vs. Displacement Tonnage Deadweight tonnage is distinct fromÃ displacement tonnage, which includes the weight of the ship as well as its carrying capacity. Lightweight tonnage is the weight of the ship itself, including the hull, decking, and machinery, but not including ballast or any supplies that could be consumed, such as fuel and water (except for the liquids in the engine room systems). Deadweight tonnage is the displacement tonnage minus the lightweight tonnage.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
The Effect of Democracy on FDI (Foreign Direct Investmant) - Term Paper Example There are a number of concerns that are made when considering the effects of democracy on foreign direct investment. Theoretical perspectives have consistently linked foreign direct investment to government policy. The pervading logic behind these investments is not a matter of great complexity. In these regards, investors have been understood to remain more apt to invest long-term companies and corporate interests based on the host countryÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to create policy measures that are most conducive to such investment. The complexity emerges as theorists attempt to determine the appropriate government climate for such investments. Currently the United States receives the most foreign direct investments, leading economists to prominently link FDI to the democratic governmental structure (Ã¢â¬ËgreyhillÃ¢â¬â¢). Within the confines of the democratic political structure there are a number of specific policy considerations that have been established. One of the most prominent th eoretical perspectives on this matter is that foreign direct investment is directly responsive to changing economic situations. Jensen notes, Ã¢â¬Å"Elected politicians can no longer manipulate monetary policy, but monetary policy does remain responsive to changing economic conditionsÃ¢â¬ (Jensen, pg. 2). In this context of understanding, the nature of the democratic election process itself does not necessarily benefit foreign direct investment, but creates a governmental structure that is highly conducive to developing policies that aid FDI. The main notion is that the encouragement of foreign direct investment must be accomplished in a dynamic context and that the democratic governmental structure is most conducive to this dynamism. In addition to the importance of a dynamic government policy to foreign direct investment, there is a number of other of elements positive linking democracy to FDI in terms of stability. In these regards, pervasive notions of democratic governments having more stability are one of the primary contributors to an increase in FDI (Jensen). While such perspectives on the democratic political structure have been proven erroneous in specific contexts, one considers the current economic fallout in Greece as a primary example; it is oftentimes the perception that drives the reality. Another predominant link between democracy and FDI in terms of stability occurs as a result of the democratic process of checks and balances. Jensen notes, Ã¢â¬Å"The institutional checks and balances associated with democratic systems decrease the likelihood of policy reversal, providing multinationals with a de facto commitment to policy stabilityÃ¢â¬ (Jensen, pg. 4). With the stability afforded by these checks and balances, corporations are able to more accurately forecast future returns. Ultimately, it is this stability that greatly While there are considerable arguments for the linkage of democracy to foreign direct investment, counter-arguments ex ist to this proposition. The main notion is that the nature of governmental policy and foreign direct investment is not as multi-varied as some would contest. This perspective contends that the overwhelming link between foreign investments in a host country is the level of taxation. Jensen notes, Ã¢â¬Å"Conventional wisdom holds that nations woo multinationals by